Key issues in the election included Azerbaijan's economy, and the ongoing
struggle with neighboring Armenia. Azerbaijan has access to vast quantities
of oil, but has yet to take full economic advantage. Instead, much of the
nation's resources have been aimed at trying to recover the the mountain
enclave of Nagornyy-Karabakh, which was taken over by Armenia in 1994.
-Heydar Alireza Oglu Aliyev (incumbent), New Azerbaijan Party. 76.11%
-Etibar Salidar Oglu Mammadov, National Independence Party. 11.60%
-Nizami Mammad Oglu Suleymanov, Independent Azerbaijan Party. 8.06%
-Firudin Sharif Oglu Hasanov, Communist Party. 0.87%
-Ashraf Farzali Oglu Mehdiyev, Association of Victims of Political Repressions. 0.86%
-Khanhuseyn Huseynaga Oglu Kazymly, Social Prosperity Party. 0.25%
There five primary opposition leaders, who would have otherwise been presidential candidates, who were boycotting the election. They were:
-Abulfaz Elchibey, Chairman of the People's Front of Azerbaijan Party
Elchibey was elected president in independent Azerbaijan's first contested elections in June 1992. He exiled himself soon afterwards, though, when Baku was attacked during territorial disputes with Armenia.
-Isa Gambar, Chairman of the Musavat (Equality) Party.
Gambar was parliament speaker in 1992-1993, briefly serving as president before Elchibey's election in 1992.
Guliyev resigned as parliament speaker in September 1996 and subsequently
left the country, after New Azerbaijan Party members accused him of misappropriation of funds.
-Lala Shovkat Hajiyeva, Chairwoman of the Azerbaijani Liberal Party.
Shovkat was secretary of state to President Aliyev in 1993. She resigned in
response to illegal oil sales to Armenia and increasing bread prices.
-Ilyas Ismayilov, Chairman of the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan.
Ismayilov was justice minister from 1992 to 1995.
The previous election, held in October 1993, was won by Haydar Aliyev with 98.6 percent of the vote.
President Heydar Aliyev
|June 1993||Aliev, then Parliament Chairman, assumes the position of president when President Elchibey is forced to flee the capital.|
|October 1993||Aliev is elected president of Azerbaijan, receiving 98.6% (or 98.8% or 92.8%) of the vote.|
|November 12, 1995||Azerbaijan holds its first parliamentary elections, riddled with allegations of fraud. A new constitution is also adopted, which is said to increase President Aliyev's powers.|
|June 1998||A law regarding formation of the Central Electoral Commission is passed. It states that the president will appoint 12 non-partisan members to the 24-seat commission, and the parliament will appoint the other 12.|
|July 1998||Five opposition leaders issue a list of demands that must be met before they will participate in the upcoming presidential election.|
|August 8, 1998||A political imbalance in the Central Elections Commission stems from an ambundance of Aliev supporters in parliament. After being denied an equal share of seats on the commission, opposition parties express their intent to boycott October's presidential elections.|
|August 1998||The Movement for Democratic Elections and Electoral Reform (MDEER) begins demonstrating, demanding that the Central Elections Commission be composed more fairly.|
|September 1, 1998||Election campaigning formally begins.|
|September 12, 1998||MDEER tries to hold a rally at Baku's Freedom Square. Police stop people from entering the square, and violence ensues.|
|October 10, 1998||Police again stop opposition protesters from rallying in Baku; again, the situation becomes violent.|
|October 11, 1998||Aliev is re-elected as President of Azerbaijan.|
|May 19, 1999||Turkey presents Aliev with its Ataturk peace award.|
-Abulfaz Elchibey, People's Front of Azerbaijan Party (PFAP)
-Isa Gambar, Musavat (Equality) Party
-Lala Shovkat Hajiyeva, Azerbaijani Liberal Party
-Ilyas Ismayilov, Democratic Party of Azerbaijan
Milli Majlis, the Azerbaijani parliament
Azeri Prime Minister Artur Rasizade
Movement for Democratic Elections and Electoral Reform (MDEER), an umbrella
organization representing Azerbaijan's opposition parties